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The Coronation is a wonderful contradiction in terms

The 21st-century king? Credit: Getty

May 6, 2023 - 7:00am

On Saturday, King Charles the Third, the hereditary king of this and many other realms, will be crowned. The descendant of Norman warlords, he will be anointed with holy oil away from profane stares, have a crown made of solid gold placed upon his head, and receive the acclamation of his liege subjects.

Amid the ubiquitous and mundane media coverage, it is easy to lose sight of how extraordinary it is that such a thing can still occur. The United Kingdom is the last European monarchy to practice the coronation rite, now only shared in its Christian form with the Kingdom of Tonga in the South Pacific. Even before the French Revolution, enlightened opinion in Europe made light of the idea that sovereigns received their temporal power through supernatural ceremonials. To hold a coronation in the 21st century is an open affront to modernity, a public rejection of the spirit of our age.

The last coronation took place in the twilight of the imperial age, when the mirage of neo-Elizabethan splendour still held. Much has happened since, so the task of this iteration’s organisers has been correspondingly harder; but they have not always succeeded in walking the fine line between modernisation and tweeness.

Much of the service’s language, which reached its stable form in the Stuart era, has been rewritten in contemporary churchofenglandese. The statutory oath to “maintain in the United Kingdom the Protestant Reformed Religion established by law” will be prefaced by an apologetic declaration that the Church of England “will seek to foster an environment in which people of all faiths and beliefs may live freely”.

Perhaps most jarring of all is the replacement of the homage and swearing of fealty by representative peers, itself a compromise measure to cope with the massive growth of the size of the Victorian aristocracy, with the “Homage of the People”. A measure clearly intended to emphasise the democratic nature of modern monarchy, it instead manages to be both embarrassing and vaguely authoritarian. This was an unforced error: no one would have minded the Marquess of Winchester kneeling before the throne on behalf of his rank, but even many soft monarchists baulk at the idea of mumbling an oath in front of the television.

The service will end with “the Leaders and Representatives of the Faith Communities”— a telling bit of public sector jargon — shouting in unison that “as neighbours in faith, we acknowledge the value of public service.”

And somewhere in between all of this, Charles Philip Arthur George the man will be clothed in a linen tunic and a robe of gold; he will be presented with a Bible and spurs and a sword and another robe and a spectre and an orb and a crown, and he will be anointed with vegan holy oil from the Holy Land. He will be crowned to the sound Sir Hubert Parry’s orchestration for I Was Glad and to a fanfare composed by a German for the anniversary of an Austrian orchestra and of another anthem by the composer of Cats.

In other words, the coronation liturgy will reflect the Britain of the 21st century, in all of its contradictions. This is, after all, a country with an aristocracy chosen through both primogeniture and by the prime minister among third sector executives. A country whose most democratic public honour is named after an empire which no longer exists and whose legacy many of the country’s leaders feel the need to disavow.

This Coronation will feature a retired accountant from Lincolnshire carrying the Royal Standard because 34 of his patrilineal ancestors performed feudal services in previous ceremonies, but whose participation was only confirmed after he made an appeal for his hereditary rights in the Daily Telegraph. He will share a place of honour in the procession with a retired children’s television presenter born in Trinidad and Tobago.

Are these the last convulsions of an incoherent order which was hollowed out long ago by the decline of Christianity and the end of Britain as a world power? Or it is a reaffirmation of a British body politic which has weathered the ages, even if it has to be cloaked behind the blandest of modern management-speak?

Like many, I hope for the latter but fear it will be the former. But whatever happens in the future — and the Coronation will be entrancing and embarrassing and mystical and confusing and impressive and anachronistic and all of these things at the same time — you will remember where you were when you saw it, when for the 39th time since the Normans crossed the English Channel, a descendant of William the Conqueror enters Westminster Abbey, as an ordinary man, to fulfil his destiny.


Yuan Yi Zhu is an assistant professor at Leiden University and a research fellow of Harris Manchester College, Oxford.

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Peter Kwasi-Modo
Peter Kwasi-Modo
11 months ago

Mr Yuan says that “The ceremony is an open affront to the spirit of modernity”. Modernity does not have a spirit. That’s why people like this kind of ceremony.

Peter Kwasi-Modo
Peter Kwasi-Modo
11 months ago

Mr Yuan says that “The ceremony is an open affront to the spirit of modernity”. Modernity does not have a spirit. That’s why people like this kind of ceremony.

Robbie K
Robbie K
11 months ago

I love all the contradictions and peculiarities, it makes the whole thing uniquely authentic – is there anything more English?

Caradog Wiliams
Caradog Wiliams
11 months ago
Reply to  Robbie K

British.

Daniel Whitford
Daniel Whitford
11 months ago

.

Last edited 11 months ago by Daniel Whitford
Robbie K
Robbie K
11 months ago

Well actually, I could have said the United Kingdom and Commonwealth Realms, but it didn’t have the same ring to it.

Andrew Fisher
Andrew Fisher
11 months ago

I think actually more English is more on the mark. That means no disrespect to your nation, which along with Scotland looks more to wider European models if only to counteract supposed English dominance

Daniel Whitford
Daniel Whitford
11 months ago

.

Last edited 11 months ago by Daniel Whitford
Robbie K
Robbie K
11 months ago

Well actually, I could have said the United Kingdom and Commonwealth Realms, but it didn’t have the same ring to it.

Andrew Fisher
Andrew Fisher
11 months ago

I think actually more English is more on the mark. That means no disrespect to your nation, which along with Scotland looks more to wider European models if only to counteract supposed English dominance

Caradog Wiliams
Caradog Wiliams
11 months ago
Reply to  Robbie K

British.

Robbie K
Robbie K
11 months ago

I love all the contradictions and peculiarities, it makes the whole thing uniquely authentic – is there anything more English?

rob clark
rob clark
11 months ago

“To hold a coronation in the 21st century is an open affront to modernity, a public rejection of the spirit of our age.”

And I say good, well done!

rob clark
RC
rob clark
11 months ago

“To hold a coronation in the 21st century is an open affront to modernity, a public rejection of the spirit of our age.”

And I say good, well done!

Steve Murray
Steve Murray
11 months ago

Call me a pedant, but what’s a “yet-to-be-lived future” other than just “the future”?
Actually, for today, just call me a peasant and i won’t be revolting.

Steve Murray
Steve Murray
11 months ago

Call me a pedant, but what’s a “yet-to-be-lived future” other than just “the future”?
Actually, for today, just call me a peasant and i won’t be revolting.

Hugh Bryant
HB
Hugh Bryant
11 months ago

The worst thing Charles could do would be to try to ‘modernise’ the monarchy – but that’s probably what he’ll do.

Hugh Bryant
Hugh Bryant
11 months ago

The worst thing Charles could do would be to try to ‘modernise’ the monarchy – but that’s probably what he’ll do.

martin logan
martin logan
11 months ago

The problem is that “modernity” overtly or covertly seeks to sever all links with the past. Indeed, Jackson Pollock, in his work, deliberately excluded anything that resembled a living thing. He was seeking abstractions that had never been seen before.
But, as both the Soviets and Maoists discovered, severing all ties with the past simply leads to nothingness…

Simon Denis
Simon Denis
11 months ago
Reply to  martin logan

An excellent comment. You highlight the implicit connection between modernism and Marxism – and bring out the bleak inhumanity of both.

Simon Denis
Simon Denis
11 months ago
Reply to  martin logan

An excellent comment. You highlight the implicit connection between modernism and Marxism – and bring out the bleak inhumanity of both.

martin logan
martin logan
11 months ago

The problem is that “modernity” overtly or covertly seeks to sever all links with the past. Indeed, Jackson Pollock, in his work, deliberately excluded anything that resembled a living thing. He was seeking abstractions that had never been seen before.
But, as both the Soviets and Maoists discovered, severing all ties with the past simply leads to nothingness…

Nik Jewell
Nik Jewell
11 months ago

Your article missed the bit about Penny Mordaunt would manage to steal the show. Not sure anybody was expecting that.

Katharine Eyre
Katharine Eyre
11 months ago
Reply to  Nik Jewell

No kidding, I’ve got a bit of a girl crush on her now! Not as big as the one I’ve got on the Princess of Wales…but I didn’t see it coming, that’s for sure. She must have killer biceps to have been holding that sword up for so long.

Katharine Eyre
Katharine Eyre
11 months ago
Reply to  Nik Jewell

No kidding, I’ve got a bit of a girl crush on her now! Not as big as the one I’ve got on the Princess of Wales…but I didn’t see it coming, that’s for sure. She must have killer biceps to have been holding that sword up for so long.

Nik Jewell
Nik Jewell
11 months ago

Your article missed the bit about Penny Mordaunt would manage to steal the show. Not sure anybody was expecting that.

Robbie K
Robbie K
11 months ago

What an amazing brilliant day!

Robbie K
Robbie K
11 months ago

What an amazing brilliant day!

Keith Payne
Keith Payne
11 months ago

Unless my history fails me, Oliver Cromwell interrupted the lineage and it is stretching ancestry a bit to make the Hanoverians ancestors of the Normans.

D Glover
D Glover
11 months ago
Reply to  Keith Payne

*descendants
It’s stretching it a long way to include William of Orange, as well.

Z A
Z A
11 months ago
Reply to  D Glover

William of Orange was the son of Charles I’s daughter, the Princess Royal, which takes us back to William the Conqueror.

Jeffrey Mushens
JM
Jeffrey Mushens
11 months ago
Reply to  Z A

George I is a grandson of Elizabeth Stuart (Queen of Bohemia, wife of the Elector Palatine), herself the daughter of James VI and I, giving lineage back to Kenneth MacAlpin(!) and through the Tudors back to the Conquest and then back to Cerdic. Henry I married Matilda of Scotland, the daughter of St Margaret of Scotland, sister of Edgar and daughter of Edward the Exile, son of Edmund Ironside, son of Aethelred.
So Charles’s ancestry go back to the founding of England!

Jeffrey Mushens
Jeffrey Mushens
11 months ago
Reply to  Z A

George I is a grandson of Elizabeth Stuart (Queen of Bohemia, wife of the Elector Palatine), herself the daughter of James VI and I, giving lineage back to Kenneth MacAlpin(!) and through the Tudors back to the Conquest and then back to Cerdic. Henry I married Matilda of Scotland, the daughter of St Margaret of Scotland, sister of Edgar and daughter of Edward the Exile, son of Edmund Ironside, son of Aethelred.
So Charles’s ancestry go back to the founding of England!

Z A
Z A
11 months ago
Reply to  D Glover

William of Orange was the son of Charles I’s daughter, the Princess Royal, which takes us back to William the Conqueror.

Andrew Fisher
Andrew Fisher
11 months ago
Reply to  Keith Payne

But they nonetheless were descendents. The Norman Kings had a LOT of descendents!

D Glover
D Glover
11 months ago
Reply to  Keith Payne

*descendants
It’s stretching it a long way to include William of Orange, as well.

Andrew Fisher
Andrew Fisher
11 months ago
Reply to  Keith Payne

But they nonetheless were descendents. The Norman Kings had a LOT of descendents!

Keith Payne
Keith Payne
11 months ago

Unless my history fails me, Oliver Cromwell interrupted the lineage and it is stretching ancestry a bit to make the Hanoverians ancestors of the Normans.

Jeffrey Mushens
Jeffrey Mushens
11 months ago

A descendant of Cerdic, of Alfred, of Edgar! Cerdic (a British name) landed in Wessex in 494 (or 514). That’s over 1500 years of history.

Jeffrey Mushens
Jeffrey Mushens
11 months ago

A descendant of Cerdic, of Alfred, of Edgar! Cerdic (a British name) landed in Wessex in 494 (or 514). That’s over 1500 years of history.

j watson
j watson
11 months ago

Utter nonsense, but still interesting and done exceptionally well.

j watson
j watson
11 months ago

Utter nonsense, but still interesting and done exceptionally well.